J Cont Med A Dent. 2014 Jan-Apr; 2(1): 8-11.

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

A Cross-Sectional Study on Prescribing Patterns on Patients Suffering from Respiratory Disorders in a Teaching Hospital of South India

Aleemuddin NM1,Farahbahmed2,Mohammed Shakeel Mohammed Bashir3,Aamir Ali4,Salma Khatoon5,
Md Mohib Hussain6,Afshan Khatoon7

1Associate Professor of Pulmonology, Deccan college of Medical Sciences
2Assistant Professor of Physiology, Deccan college of Medical Sciences
3Associate Professor of Pharmacology, RIMS Adilabad
4Assistant Professor of Pharmacy, Deccan School of Pharmacy
5Tutor in Pulmonology, Deccan college of Medical Sciences
6Postgraduate in Anaesthesia, Deccan college of Medical Sciences
7Tutor in Pulmonology Deccan college of Medical Science


Abstract

Objectives:Drug utilization evaluation can be used for the description of drug use pattern; early signals of irrational use of drugs; interventions to improve drug use; quality control cycle; continuous quality improvement. Hence the present study was planned to know the prescription pattern of patients suffering from respiratory disorders in a teaching hospital of south India.
Material and Methods: A total of 152 cases from tuberculosis and chest department of Deccan College of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, India suffering from respiratory disorders were studied for demographic details and prescription pattern.
Results: Mean age was 55.5 years. Commonest diagnosis was chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) - 57.2%. 21.7% patients had co-morbidity mainly diabetes and cardiovascular disorders. A total of 2246 drugs prescribed with an average of 14.78. Almost 75% formulations were oral and parental. Combination of Ipratropium bromide, Salbutamol and Budesonide was the most common prescribed drug. Other common drugs were Methylxanthenes, Montelukast & Antihistamine Combination, Pentaprazole and Amoxicillin-Clavulanic acid combination. In antibiotics, penicillin (97 drugs, 40.9%) was most common dug followed by cephalosporin (68 drugs, 28.7%) and floroquinolone (26 drugs, 11%) and in corticosteroids Budesonide was the commonest prescribed drug (144 drugs, 56.5%). Conclusion:Average number of drugs per prescription should be reduced and special programs should be initiated to reduce number of COPD.
Key words :Drugs, Prescription pattern, Respiratory disorders

Address for correspondence :Dr. Aleemuddin NM, Residential address, 20-6-530 Shahlibunda Hyderabad 500065 Andhrapradesh India. Mobile Number: 09949671249,Email :aleem95@yahoo.com