J Cont Med A Dent. 2014 Jan-Apr; 2(1): 33-39.

 ORIGINAL ARTICLE

A Study of Postoperative Wounds Infections with Special Reference to Staphylococcus Aureus - A Study in a Tertiary Care Centre of Vidarbha Region of India

Wanjare VS 1, Wanjare SW 2, Rahule AS 3, Mahato LO 4, Balvir TK 5

1Assistant Professor of Microbiology, GMC Nagpur
2Associate Professor of Microbiology, Seth GS Medical College Mumbai
3,4,5 Associate Professor of Anatomy, GMC Nagpur

Abstract

Background: For the last few decades, nature of wound infection has varied from time to time and place to place. In our region postoperative wound infections are common; however, their prevalence has not been well documented. Material and Methods: A total of 800 patients admitted in two surgical units, two Gynecology and Obstetrics unit, one Orthopaedic unit, one ENT unit, one Ophthalmology unit and one Plastic Surgery unit of Government Medical College & Hospital Nagpur included in the study. Results: 116 (14.5%) cases were postoperatively infected. Many factors are behind it like wound contamination, old age, presence of drains and prosthesis, associated medical illness, overcrowding and the presence of multidrug resistant organisms. Most common organism was staphylococcus (26.51%) followed by Psedumonas (18.18%) and Ecoli (15.90%). All Staphylococcus aureus strains (100%) were sensitive to vancomycin followed by 22 strains (62.9%) to erythromycin and methicillin and 20(57.1%) to gentamicin. Only 4 (11.43%) and 3 (8.57%) strains were sensitive to penicillin and ampicillin respectively. Conclusion: Incidence of postoperative wound infection is high in the region. A combined effort should be taken to minimize the problem of postoperative would infection. Present study can provide a baseline data about the post operative wound infection in the region.
Keywords: Infections, Postoperative wound, Staphylococcus aureus


Address for correspondence: Dr. Varsha B. Nagdeve. Assistant Professor of Microbiology, Government Medical College, Nagpur, Email : rahuleanil@yahoo.co.in